There’s a lot of buzz around clean energy these days. With the threat of climate change growing and our dependence on fossil fuels increasing, there’s an urgent need to find new sources of power that won’t contribute to global warming or deplete resources at an alarming rate. Fortunately, science has already come up with several promising alternatives to coal, oil and natural gas — here are a few that you may not have heard about yet:
Hydrogen fuel cells
Hydrogen fuel cells are a type of battery that uses hydrogen to generate electricity. While they’re not widely used yet, they are gaining popularity and might eventually replace your traditional car battery.
Fuel cells can also be used for other stationary applications such as buildings or satellites. They can even be produced in large quantities at a low cost thanks to advancements in manufacturing technology!
Algae is a fast growing and versatile organism that can be used to produce biofuel, bioplastics, fertilizers and other products.
Algae is the new superfood. Algae are tiny aquatic organisms that grow in water or on moist surfaces like rocks or trees. They are rich in nutrients such as vitamins A and C; they also contain essential fatty acids (EFAs), which we need for healthy brain development in children. You may have heard of spirulina before — it’s an edible blue-green algae harvested from lakes in Africa or Asia that has been used as an alternative food source for centuries!
Solar power is the conversion of light energy from the Sun into electricity, either directly using photovoltaics (PV), or indirectly using concentrated solar power (CSP). A wide range of solar technologies are available, from large-scale photovoltaic power stations to small-scale applications such as remote monitoring devices.
Solar photovoltaics (PV) systems convert light into electric current using the photovoltaic effect. PV has been around for over 50 years but it wasn’t until the mid-1980s that it became widely used in Europe and Japan. Today, it’s being used in more than 100 countries around the world and has become one of the fastest growing sectors within renewable energy industries worldwide!
Wind power is a renewable resource that can be harnessed to generate electricity. Wind power is clean, quiet, and safe–and there are many different ways to harness it. The wind industry has grown tremendously over the past few decades and shows no signs of slowing down anytime soon.
Wind energy costs less than other sources of energy such as coal or nuclear fuels because there are no requirements for mining or refining materials before using them in your home or business (like coal) or purchasing fuel for nuclear reactors (like uranium).
Biomass is the organic matter or matter of plants or animals. It can be used to produce electricity, heat, and fuels. Biomass is a renewable energy source that can be used in many ways:
- Fuel cells – A fuel cell converts chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through an electrochemical reaction with oxygen or another oxidizing agent (e.g., hydrogen). The first commercialized fuel cell was invented by Sir William Robert Grove in 1839 who called it an “electric battery”.
Geothermal energy is a renewable power source that comes from the earth. Geothermal systems use the natural heat of the earth to produce electricity or to heat and cool buildings.
Geothermal power plants have been around since the 1950s, but they’re still not widely used due to their high upfront costs and limited availability of sites with appropriate geology for harnessing this resource. However, there are ways you can take advantage of this technology in your home if you live in an area where it’s feasible: by using geothermal heating or cooling systems!
These are the new alternative power sources that will surprise you
- Hydrogen Fuel Cells
Hydrogen fuel cells are a type of battery that uses hydrogen and oxygen to create electricity. They’re similar to batteries because they can be recharged, but they are not rechargeable like regular batteries. The process involves breaking down water into its constituent elements: hydrogen gas, which then passes through an electrolyzer that breaks up the water molecule into its component parts (hydrogen and oxygen). These products are then recombined into H2O in order to produce electricity that powers your car or home appliances when you plug them in.
We hope you enjoyed learning about these alternative power sources. Remember, the future is bright for renewable energy!